India’s External Intelligence
Maj Gen V.K. Singh
What did the high-security RAW (Research and Analysis Wing) use before switching to VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal)? Telegraph messages, and STD, using the common user circuits provided by DoT (Department of Telecom), explains Maj Gen V.K. Singh in India’s External Intelligence ( http://www.manaspublications.com/).
“The Telegraph Act of 1885 forbade other agencies from having their own telephone and telegraph lines… Until very recently, even the Army had to depend on the DoT for its static communication network, and it was only in forward areas that it could construct its own cable routes.” The senior functionaries in headquarters and foreign missions had desktop encryption devices, which provided medium grade security.